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The most important and most famous site in all of Greece, it is situated some 156 metres above sea level, thus earning its name of "high city," a literal translation of its Greek moniker. In most Greek cities, these kinds of elevated settlements had a defensive function and also housed the temples of worship.
Although the Acropolis has been sacked and destroyed on a number of occasions throughout the centuries, the ruins have withstood and have been restored by the Greek Government. The Acropolis of Athens is home to some of the most famed monuments of Ancient Greece like the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, the Temple of Athena Nike and the Propylaea, among many more.
The Parthenon was build within the Acropolis between 447 and 438 BC and is the most symbolic structure throughout all of ancient Greece. It consists of a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena and is one of few important Doric constructions that have survived.
Erected in white marble in the time of Pericles, its dimensions are 70 metres in length and 30 metres in height and inside it contains a 12 metre statue of the goddess Athena in gold and ivory, made by the famed sculptor Phidias. Over the course of its existence, the Parthenon has suffered many changes culminating in major deterioration. For example, the temple housed a Byzantine church for two centuries before later being converted into a mosque.
The Ancient Agora
The Agora was the centre of social, political and commercial life in Ancient Greece. There all types of activities took place: meetings, theatrical performances, political debates, sporting contests etc. As the city's nerve centre, the Agora had three main functions. One the one hand it was the centre of Government, where citizens debated laws and modes of government.
On the other hand, it was a sacred site where the temples to the gods of Olympus were situated. Finally, it also fulfilled an important function as a market, where Athenians were able to exchange goods and spices. Although most of the Agora's buildings are in poor condition, visitors can still appreciate how the Stoa of Atalos and the Temple of Hephaestus were in there time.